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Author Topic: Books recommended on the topic of the concept of Afghanistan  (Read 6746 times)
Ahhangar
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« on: May 11, 2008, 11:01:18 PM »

Modern Afghanistan: A History of Struggle and Survival
 By Amin Saikal, Ravan Farhadi




GOOGLE BOOK LIMITED PREVIEW


http://www.amazon.co.uk/Modern-Afghanistan-History-Struggle-Survival/dp/1845113160/ref=sr_11_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1213046738&sr=11-1



Synopsis

The treacherous mountain passes and blasted desert plains of Afghanistan have been the graveyard of every would-be conquering army since the days of Alexander the Great. With America, Britain and NATO committed to a long-term political and military engagement there, it is imperative to understand the country's complex and bloody history. Afghanistan emerged in the mid-eighteenth century from the collapse of the Persian Safavid Empire and the decline of the Mughal dynasty in India. The nineteenth century saw the country ravaged by the rivalry of warring elites, and their great power supporters. In recent times, Afghanistan has experienced the Soviet invasion of 1979, the Pakistan-backed internal conflict of the 1990s, the Taliban regime and then the US invasion after the catastrophe of 9/11. Today, whilst the US-backed government is struggling to expand its control beyond Kabul, narco-warlords, jihadists and Western troops fight out the battle for control of this strategically vital country. Why has Afghanistan's course of development been so turbulent? Why does it remain so vulnerable to domestic instability, foreign intervention and ideological extremism?

In reconstructing the tempestuous narrative of modern Afghanistan, Amin Saikal provides a sweeping new understanding of its troubled past. He identifies the country's inability to develop stable political structures as stemming from the inter-dynastic rivalry (exacerbated by polygamy) that scarred successive royal families from the end of the eighteenth century until the pro-Communist coup of April 1978. Outside interventions further weakened the country internally, preventing socio-economic development and leaving the country ripe for the politics of ideological extremism. "Modern Afghanistan: A History of Struggle and Survival" is the definitive study of Afghanistan and its troubles. It will be vital reading for all those who are interested in the changing politics of the Middle East and Central Asia.


Publisher and industry reviews

Jacket review

'Saikal's contribution to our understanding and analysis of modern Afghanistan post 9/11 is a very important one.' -International Affairs 'Fascinating...if you want an insider's interpretation of modern Afghanistan (and one that is remarkably free from one-sided ideology), this is an excellent primer.' -Sydney Morning Herald 'authoritative' -The Middle East Magazine 'Excellent and lucid' -Peter Avery, King's College Cambridge


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Book: State, Revolutions, and Superpowers in Afghanistan



http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0275934608

Book Description

This volume studies the process of nation-state building, its role in modernization and developments in Afghanistan following World War II to the period of Soviet occupation of the country in December 1979, and the struggle of various social strata for social transformation in the country. The book further explores the policies of the two superpowers--the United States and the Soviet Union--and their economic assistance in Afghanistan's modernization projects following World War II. The book offers insight into this superpower struggle, examining how each superpower tried to win Afghanistan to its side by supporting a particular social strata within the state apparatus. Finally, it analyzes how one of the contending superpowers--the Soviet Union, having failed to establish its influence in Afghanistan--decided to intervene in the country's affairs in December 1979. The book also examines the emergence and development of the Islamic movement and the "Jihad" struggle waged against the regime and the Soviet forces in Afghanistan. It explores the basis of U.S. policy in aiding and abetting the Pakistan-based Islamic parties and the future of U.S.-Soviet struggle in Afghanistan. Much of the book is based on Afghanistan's primary sources as well as U.S. secret documents seized by the Iranian students during the U.S. hostage crisis in Iran. The book links a survey of the literature to interviews with prominent policymakers who were active in Afghanistan's development strategies. The book should appeal to scholars and researchers on the Middle East and South Asia, as well as to lay persons interested in a new perspective and interpretation of Afghanistan politics.

About the Author
HAFIZULLAH EMADI had worked for several years as a writer and reporter for the Kabul Times Daily, as well as for a number of other private newspapers and periodicals in Kabul, Afghanistan. He is the author of several articles and papers.
« Last Edit: January 14, 2009, 05:56:04 AM by Ahhangar » Logged
Ahhangar
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« Reply #1 on: May 12, 2008, 06:26:09 PM »

Courtesy of Parsistani:

Quote from: Parsistani;8984
I have posted some books from google that are written about events which are close to that of Awghanistan´s. For example about the war we have, the war between the different nations there, otr about the history of the british empire which also explain their plans and agendas how to conquer countries by using war-like and backward nations as tools. All those books are not only reflect Afghanistans situation, also in a passive way since most of them do not deal with Afghanistan, but they show us reasons from other parts of the world we have also in Afgh.



General


The History of the British Empire in Asia


Race and Nation: Ethnic Systems in the Modern World


In God's Name: Genocide and Religion in the Twentieth Century


War in Human Civilization: environment, genes, and culture pt. 2


Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia


Landlord and Peasant in Persia: A Study of Land Tenure and Land Revenue



Reading about the creation of Osmani identity and later Turkish identity


An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire


The Empire of the steppes - A History of Central Asia


Turkey - Who are ''Turks''


Islamic Identity and Development: Studies of the Islamic Periphery - (Anatolia)


Konjugationsgeschichte der türkischen Sprache



Ahhangar
« Last Edit: June 09, 2008, 03:21:02 PM by Ahhangar » Logged
Ahhangar
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« Reply #2 on: June 10, 2008, 03:40:46 PM »

The Dust of Empire - The Race For Mastery of the Asian Heartlands




SEARCH INSIDE BOOK



Synopsis

A "rattling good"* inquiry into the historical impact of Western involvement with Central Asia, spelling out the implications for the United States and its allies today *( New York Times Book Review ). When Charles de Gaulle learned that France's former colonies in Africa had chosen independence, the great general shrugged dismissively, "They are the dust of empire. " But as Americans have learned, particles of dust from remote and seemingly medieval countries can, at great human and material cost, jam the gears of a superpower. In The Dust of Empire , Karl E. Meyer examines the present and past of the Asian heartland in a book that blends scholarship with reportage, providing fascinating detail about regions and peoples now of urgent concern to America: the five Central Asian republics, the Caspian and the Caucasus, Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan and long-dominant Russia. He provides the context for America's war on terrorism, for Washington's search for friends and allies in an Islamic world rife with extremism, and for the new politics of pipelines and human rights in an area richer in the former than the latter.

He offers a rich and complicated tapestry of a region where empires have so often come to grief-a cautionary tale.

Ahhangar
« Last Edit: January 14, 2009, 05:57:48 AM by Ahhangar » Logged
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« Reply #3 on: January 14, 2009, 05:49:32 AM »

Book: Terrorism - Lawrence Howard  1992Terrorism - Lawrence Howard  1992

While terrorism is hardly a new phenomenon, terrorism by the state and its opponents reached new levels in the twentieth century. Drawing together veteran experts on terrorism with authorities in Islam, media studies, American history, and social psychology, Dr. Howard presents a volume which lends fresh interpretations to such major issues as the origins, the impact, and the appropriate personal and public responses to terrorism. The volume covers a wide range of relevant topics, from an examination of insurgency, counterinsurgency, and terrorism during the struggle for Mexican independence in the early nineteenth century, to an overview of the difficulties of creating a concerted policy toward terrorism within the European Community, and the possible connections between terrorism and guerrilla warfare in the future. Particular attention has been placed on examining the role of the media and military retaliation in either exacerbating or checking the prevalence of terrorism. As we come to recognize that the problem of terrorism can not be viewed solely through the lens of military policy, we need to rethink the concepts and assumptions of international security using the additional disciplines of cross-cultural studies, psychology, and history. This collection makes a major contribution by refocusing our thinking, toward an interdisciplinary approach and will be of value to policy makers, as well as those involved with military studies, social psychology, and international relations.


SEARCH INSIDE BOOK




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I found out about a particular organisation in there called the National United Front of Afghanistan - Jabhai  e Mutahed Milli Afghanistan - once headed by Majid Kalakani and subsequently headed by his brother Abdul Qayom Rahbar Kalakani...... both assasinated - one by AMIN and the other by ISI/Hekmatyar.....

They were portrayed as Chinese Agents by Pashtun favouring Russians - and their Pushtun clients - and in general by other Pashtun nationalists -  in order to discredit their calls for a contitutional reform in Afghanistan - whilst being equally oppposed by the Islamists and the Moscow communists.....

Hassan Kakakar - in his book - portrays him as a bandit - and calls the other famous Kalakani - Habibulah - as another bandit also -

Quote
Among the pro-Chinese leftist groups SAMA, the most practical, was known to the public, while the rest were known primarily to their members. Majid Kalakani founded SAMA in late 1978. In 1979, in concert with other “nationalist groups,” SAMA forged a front, the  National  United  Front  of Afghanistan, or NUFA (Jabha-e-Mutahid-e-Milli-e-Afghanistan). Dominated by SAMA, NUFA was an urban guerrilla alliance. According to Khalid Duran,

[NUFA] outlined a clear program for the war of liberation as well as subsequent political and socioeconomic reconstruction. While NUFA declared itself free of any ideology, it defined itself as “national democratic.” The adherence to democracy was substantiated by a clear affirmation of universal suffrage and human rights, with full equality for women and minorities as well as freedom of worship, all within a federal state with far reaching autonomy for the various nationalities and language groups.[41]
Despite this proclamation, the public still heard the acronym SAMA, not NUFA.


SAMA’s significance was largely due to the adventurousness of its leader, Majid Kalakani, who was more of a social bandit than a leader of leftists. Here Pashtunist Kakar attacks the significance of that party - and by default its goals of reform of the conceot of Afghanistan [He was a teacher, and while a student he was alleged to have killed the principal of his school, for which he spent two years in prison. Known to his followers as Majid Agha and in the Western press as “the Afghan Robin Hood,” he had become active in his region as early as the first years of the 1970s. He came from the village of Kalakan, from where in the late 1920s the social bandit Habibullah captured the throne and became the ruler of the country for nine months.Here Kakar attacks the cause of all Kalakanis - as just another Kalakani bandit Majid Kalakani stood for armed as well as cultural and political struggle. He also valued constructive traditions, in particular the custom of opposing social injustice and observing the code of social morality by accepting risk with boldness and chivalry (’ayyari). This attitude, which distanced him from the dogmatic revolutionaries, brought him closer to the common people. An admirer of Kalakani writes, “Unlike the intellectual revolutionaries who look at the people from above, Majid Agha lived among them. The people felt him to be with them. He was knowable to the people. His language was the language of the people and his ideal the ideal of the people.Upto this point he thoughouly paints a picture that these elements were pro another foriegn power - the Chinese and that in the end the leader was just gunned down in Peshwar - leading you to think of them as not of any significance -

The suppression of the pro-Chinese elements shows the fate of revolutionary leftists in Afghanistan when unsupported by the might of a foreign power.
Kakakr - here attempts to leave the lasting impression that NUFA/SAMA was a forign sponsored group - hence his group did not survive.   But in reality - to succeed the articifical illegitimate concept of Afghanistan would not survive - if it were not the foriengers constantly sponsoring its upkeep and the killing of those indigneous groups whom oppose it....but for KAKAR the Pashtunist it is far more apt to paint the concept of Afghanistan as something natural and legitimate and anything opposed to its character - is forign sponsored and thus illegitimate...... this tactic has been used countless times by the Pushtun puppet regiem in Kabul andits mouthpieces like Kakakr and other Pashtunist intellectuals.... they are using it again today .... Karzai the biggest Puppet of all attacks Rabanis group ... JAbhaie Mutahaed Milli Afghanistan - which is incidently the same exact name of the Kalakani led NUFA -  as being the work of 'foriegn embassies'... all Pashtunist everywhere do their best to smear this group....especially the ones whom have associated themselves with SDP of Germany since the demise of the NUFA

But a more objective description of them is given by the author of the Terrorism book..... http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=ctoPBr3UEwYC&pg=PA61&dq=kalakani   in which it describes them as being without support from the outside - and as essentially indigenous.... the leaders of which were assasinated by Amin in Kabul and ISI-Hekmatyar in Peshawar... ....... 

It says that the Social Democratic Party of Germany had choosen this group NUFA as a partner and invited its leader to Germany - but he was assasinated oon his way to the airport.......  it makes me wonder wheter the Afghan Mellat were also involved in these games since Afghan Mellat have tried very hard to close themselves to the Social Semocratic Party of Germany - presenting themselves as the proper social nationalists...... I just wonder..... it does seem a thread worth investigating....

IT makes my blood boil when I see the way KAKAR - the Pashtun chovanists - always is careful to protect the Pashtun centric view of the idea of Afghanistan - as something wholly ans unchangable... very clever it is and totally devoid of any sense of honour and respect of the truth......pure self interest.  To beat succh a spinless enemy - we must expose all of their snake like tactics..


Ahhangar
Ahhangar

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