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Author Topic: Names of Aryan/Persian months and their forgotten meanings  (Read 9159 times)
Khurasanzad
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« on: December 26, 2008, 10:46:01 AM »

The names of the 12 Persian months are taken from the ancient Zoroastrian texts and the origins are deeply rooted in their belief system. This was the religion of Iran before the advent of Islam in seventh century AD. Zoroastrians believed in two primal forces, good and evil. Everything that supported and enriched life was good and all that threatened life and disturbed order was bad. The Lord of Wisdom -- Ahura Mazda -- created goodness and the Hostile Spirit -- Angra Mainyu -- created all that was bad -- Ahriman in modern Persian.

Zoroastrians' universe lasts 12,000 years; there are four phases, each 3000 years. At the first one, good and bad are separated. In the second phase, the hostile forces succeed. The good forces are back in the third one. At the last phase several saviours appear. The last one is Saoshyant. When he arrives there is a resurrection, walking over the Separation Bridge, Chinvat (sarat bridge in Quran) and finally all the hostile spirits will be defeated.

The Lord of Wisdom, in order to defeat the hostile spirits, creates many forces and beings to help him. There are three groups of metaphysical beings, some more important than others. The first group is the six Amesha Spenta. With the Lord of Wisdom they form the seven Holy Immortals that protect the first seven creations when the material world (geety) is created. They are the protectors of sky, waters, earth, fire, plants, animals and humans.

Six of the twelve months are in their names. Khashtra Vairya (Shahrevar), is the lord of the sky, all stones, metals, and warriors as wel as the protector of the poor and the weak. It means the desirable dominion (keshvar e arezoo shodeh). Shahr means country or land and Var means desirable. Asha Vahishta (Ordibehesht) lord of fire and noontime heat means ultimate righteousness (behtarin rasty). Asha has many meanings - righteousness, law, purity, sacred (Asha Zardosht) are only some of the commonly used ones. Vohu Manah (Bahman) the protector of animals, means good purpose (nik nahad). He is a powerful symbol of creative goodness and the divinity personifying the principle of Asha (cosmic order). Haurvatat (Khordad) protects all waters and means health or wholeness (rasaei and kamali).

Spenta Armaiti (Esphand / Espandarmaz) a female deity who protects mother earth is Holy Devotion (Foroutani Moghadas). Espand means holy and Armaiti equals devotion and unconditional love. She is also the guardian of herdsmen and farmers. She is identified by the Greeks as Demeter and in Armenia she is known as Spendaramet. Ameretat (Mordad), the supporter of all plant life, represents immortality (na mira). Mar (marg in modern Persian) means death, "a" at the beginning of any word changes the meaning into the opposite. Mordad means death, while Amordad means immortality. Mordad is used incorrectly in the modern Persian calendar and should be Amordad.

These immortals also represent different aspects of Ahura Mazda's attributes. One of their functions is to transfer these attributes to humans. For example Vohu Manah (Bahman) is a symbol of "Good Purpose". Zoroastrians through Bahman Yasht (Prayers specific to Bahman) would discipline themselves to always do good and have noble purposes. Ordibehesht Yasht (yasht means prayer) will teach Zoroastrians to follow righteousness, one of the Lord of Wisdom's attributes.

The second group of metaphysical beings are Yazata (Eyzad), "a being worthy of worship". There are hundreds of them. Every good force in nature and all deeds and attributes beneficial to humans have their own Eyzad. Azar, Aban, Khorshid, Mihr, Tir and Bahram are some of the best known Eyzads.

Azar (Atar/Adur) is yazata of fire (Agni in Indian Rig-Veda). It is one of the most important of all Eyzads. In Avestan mythology it helps legendary king Takhmorup (Tahmoureth) and Yima Khshaeta (Jamshid) to overcome many obstacles. The word has become synonymous with fire (atash) in modern Persian. Aban, is Avestan "Apas", "Api" in middle Persian and "Ap" in Phalavi. It means water (aub, in modern Persian). It is the protector Eyzad of the "waters" and an assistant to Spenta Armaiti.

Mihr is Mithra in Avesta and Mitrah in Phahlavi. It is the yazata of the convenant and of loyalty. It has come from the word mei, meaning exchange. In Avesta he is the protector of "Payman e Dousti" (contract of friendship). In modern Persian it means love and kindness. He is the lord of ordeal by fire (walking through fire to prove innocence, story of Siavash in Shahnameh) and presides over judgment of the soul at death. Ancient Greeks identified him with Apollo.

Tiri, Tir (Tishtrya), is an assimilation of Babylonian Nabu, lord of scribe and of the planet Mercury into Avestan mythology. It means the swift one (tond va chabok) and protects rain. In Persian-Islamic mythology Tir (Attarod in Arabic) is still the lord of scribe (setareh dabir).

The last groups of metaphysical beings are "Foruhars", the guardian angels created by Ahura Mazda to protect all living beings after the material world (geety) was created. Farevashi are Foruhars specific to humans and the word means guardian. The word has become synonymous with fereshteh in modern Persian. Farvardin, is the descent of Farevashi to earth in order to visit and help their human counterparts. It also means "Farr e Din", glory of religious consciousness. A major festival celebrating departed souls, it was changed into celebrating guardian angels coming to earth before the start of the New Year. Farvardegan is 'Jashn e Farevashi' and is still celebrated by Zoroastrians today.

"Day" (dadar) means creator (afaridegar). The whole month was dedicated to Ahura Mazda. The eight, fifteenth and twenty-third of every month were also called "Day". The first day of this month was celebrated as "Khoram Ruz" -- a feast of charity -- when people were expected to be charitable and help others.

The twelve deities have survived as months of the year in the modern Persian calendar. In the Islamic period the same structure was taken and transformed into the Iranian version of Shiite Islam. Twelve Imams replaced Yazata and Saoshyant; the last saviour was changed into the Time Lord, Imam Zaman. However the meanings, the importance of following and practicing divine attributes as part of the monthly rituals are lost. So are the joys, monthly feasts and celebrations associated with them.

Modern Persian       Pahlavi                       Meaning
 Farvardin            Farvardin                      Farr e Din
 Ordibehesht            Asha Vahishta              Behtarin Rasty
 Khordad                    Haurvatat              Rasaei & Kamali
 Tir                            Tishtrya                      Tond & chabok
 Mordad                    Ameretat                      Na mira
 Shahrevar            Khashtra Vairya      Keshvare e Arezoo Shodeh
 Mihr                    Mitrah                      Payman e doustie
 Aban                    Ap                              Aub
 Azar                    Atar / Adur              Atash
 Day                    Dadar                      Afaridegar
 Bahman                    Vohu Manah              Nik Nahad
 Esphand            Espandarmaz              Foroutani Moghadas
« Last Edit: December 26, 2008, 12:34:27 PM by Khurasanzad » Logged
dokhtare pulegun
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« Reply #1 on: July 17, 2009, 07:41:47 PM »

Nice.

Does anyone else think it's ridiculous that Pashto-speakers in Afghanistan have their calendar in their own language yet the "Farsi" calendar is actually Arabic??
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Parsistani
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« Reply #2 on: July 23, 2009, 09:03:16 PM »

Nice.

Does anyone else think it's ridiculous that Pashto-speakers in Afghanistan have their calendar in their own language yet the "Farsi" calendar is actually Arabic??

The Iranian calender differ from Arabic calender. The Pashtuns use the Arabic calender with it´s Arabi monthes and words, but officialy, the Iranian (Tajik) calender is in use in Afghanistan, as well in Iran, Pakistan etc...
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shinno
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« Reply #3 on: July 24, 2009, 02:03:08 PM »

Pashto Month names:

wraj    ???
?wajaj    ????
?bargolaj ???????
t?unga?    ?????
zmaraj    ????
wagaj    ???
t?la              ???
la?am      ???
lind?j        ?????   
mar?umaj ??????
salw???    ??????
kab              ??

Pashto month names are in pashto and not in arabic as paristani claims.
The dari month names are in arabic as used in AFghanistan. Saratan and mizan and other words used in dari version are pure arabic words. Once an Iranian asked me why afghans use arabic words for their calendar and I didn't know the answer.

More info on Iranian calendar
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iranian_calendar
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Parsistani
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« Reply #4 on: July 30, 2009, 07:17:30 AM »

Pashto Month names:

wraj    ???
?wajaj    ????
?bargolaj ???????
t?unga?    ?????
zmaraj    ????
wagaj    ???
t?la              ???
la?am      ???
lind?j        ?????   
mar?umaj ??????
salw???    ??????
kab              ??

Pashto month names are in pashto and not in arabic as paristani claims.
The dari month names are in arabic as used in AFghanistan. Saratan and mizan and other words used in dari version are pure arabic words. Once an Iranian asked me why afghans use arabic words for their calendar and I didn't know the answer.

More info on Iranian calendar
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iranian_calendar

Listen uneducated Pashtun ''rora'' (not suprised you are so as Pashtun), the calender that is in use in Afghanistan is exactly the same as in Iran, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. Once, before Pashtun facism reached it´s peak, Persian calender and monthes had the same names as in other Persianated and Aryan states. But when the Turks, Arabs and Mongols who once raped Indians and today call themself proudly as ''Pakhtano'' and celebrate homosexually in the public and tried to turn everything non-Pakhtano to a Pakhtano and Pakhtano-related shit, they also took off the original calender of Khurasan and used the Arabic calender. Later, after they saw that they were not succesfully to ban Persian, the identity of the original population of Khurasan and  couldn´t really destroy it´s soul and roots and history, the bloody bas***ds were forced to come to a compromise among themself and with the Non-Pakhtanos. In the 50s of the last century, the Thiefs and dirty unwashed and bearded monkies, rats and cockroaches from the Sulaiman Mountains, who were much afraid about Pan-Iranism than of Pakistani Punjabis who are still assimilating wild barbarian dogs from NWFP and turn them to Punjabis, they used back the Persian calender but changed it´s original names to Arabeo-Persian ones in which most of the names have not even Arabic origine but byzantinic, Persian, pure Soghdian and romanic and declared it as the official calendar of the state but self kept their own backward Talibani and arabic omayid lunar calendar which is soooo islamic that noone can reach it. That´s why Persian calendar and Aerab calender have always problems with eachother in Toilettistan of Pashtuns and that´s why the days differ from eachother. Of course, as a facist and an uneducated donkey as you are as a Pashtun you kh** do not understand the meaning of Mizan, the name of the holly Jashn (celebration) Miragaan, which became the name of the month where this festival is celebrated or the meaning of ''Qaus'' and ''sowr'' (taurus) which has nothing to do with arabic ''haut'' or etc. The ''Pashtun'' names of the monthes are also taken from a language or are originate from somewhere. Your claim the monthes are not Arabic show how unaware you are about your tribal bedouine culture and background. Let´s be serious and scholaric. Nearly 40% of all Pashtun words have arabic roots and became by time more and more Pashtunized, as many Persian words became victime of the idiotic and laughable Pashtu Tolana and other were just invented. At least three of the names have pure Persian origine, one of them is Kab and Tela. You use for the month ''Lion'' smaraj which means ''young boy'' and has nothing to do with the nature or the circle of the month but for sure you used that word because it´s the month where your lust to young innocent and virgin boys are the most strongest feeling. I bet you even can´t voice the names correctly, like 95% of all Pashtuns who can not even speak correctly and fluent their own mothertoung.

Manana ow Arab ow Paki Pahman
« Last Edit: July 30, 2009, 07:25:21 AM by Parsistani » Logged

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« Reply #5 on: August 03, 2009, 04:23:32 PM »

I did some research to find out in which year we would be if we follow the Aryan calender. My research brought these three datas

The Year 3747 Zoroastrian (which means that the era of Zoroaster have began in ca. 1800 B.C)

The Year 2568 of Achemenian calender (Cyrus)

and now it comes! The Year 7030  of Mitra calender (begin with the first day of ''Mirdeva''s preach
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