February 26, 2020, 07:10:42 AM *
Welcome, Guest. Please login or register.

Login with username, password and session length
News: Our new place: www.tajikam.com/forums

To enter with your registered details click here and follow the steps: http://tajikam.com/forums/index.php?app=core&module=global§ion=lostpass
 
   Home   Help Search Calendar Login Register  
Pages: [1]
  Print  
Author Topic: From Zeros to ''Heros''?? When Pashtuns create an own national history  (Read 2126 times)
Khurasanzad
Research Team
Sr. Member
*

Karma: +11/-0
Offline Offline

Posts: 439


View Profile Email
« on: June 01, 2009, 06:24:00 AM »

From Zeroes to ''Heros'', from ''Jert o Fert'' to ''Pakhtrians'' or from Talibanis to ''cultured and high educated humen''

How Pashtuns and OughanMellatis are trying to take other´s identity and history and claim it as theirs. That´s the problem Non-Pashtoons had throughout history with these people. But such fabrications are happening in higher levels as well and are common in societies where no national culture or history exists.

Quote
The Afghan Samanid Empire
 
The Samanids (875-999) (in Dari: Saman-i-han) were an Afghan dynasty in Eastern Iran, and Central Asia named after its founder Saman Khodh-i-Balkhi from Afghan Samandi tribe who rised from Balkh. It was among the first (<-underlined, specially ''among'' as there were some other ''Pashtun dynasties) native Afghan dynasties in the Muslim world, who were non-Arabs. Samanids are considered the beginning of the Afghan nation (''Afghan nation'' underlined). And the main spreaders of Sunni sact. Their rule lasted for 102 years and 10 days, and their territory encompassed of Mashad (Iran), Kandahar, Kabul, Samarkand, Takharistan, and Balkh. 
 
To further legitimate the dynasty, the Samanids claimed to be descendants of the Samandi/Samandizia tribe and once an Avestian Bactrian speakers of Takharistan.They revived the Afghan culture and gave a birth to a new language called Dari. Dari is a mixture of Avestian (Pashtu), Palavi (western Iranian) and Quranic (Arabic). Their capitals were Balkh, Herat, Ghowr and Baghlan at one point Mashad (IRAN) and Samarkand (Russia) the other lasting contribution besides Language of the Samanids to the history of Islamic art is the pottery known as Samanid Epigraphic Ware. Plates, bowls, and pitchers fired in a white slip and decorated only with calligraphy, often elegantly and rhythmically written. The Arabic phrases are generally more or less generic well wishes, or admonitions to good table manners. However, it is difficult to say that Dari was the dominant language (because there were pure Pashtu language in use, too) in all spheres of life in the Samanid Empire. 
 
Most of the theological and philosophical works were still written in Arabic, which was the academic language in the Islamic world. Even the Afghan and Iranian scholars, who were mentioned bellow mostly wrote in Arabic, and there also was developed Arabic literature in the Samanids period. On the other hand there were many other local eastern Iranian languages like Sakai (A Bakhtrian branch) Bakhtarian/Pakhtrian (Pashtu), Palavi (Old language of Pars/Farsi). In addition to that, Arabic was the language of religious practice for the Muslims. So that was one of main reason why Arabic writing was used. 
 
As time past Samanid went far from ''Khorashan'' (this pagh o dagh o cave-monkies does not even know what Khorasan means and how to write it) border into Iranian land, and past the Dari language which once was forgotten duo to Arab influnce. Since the language shared many words with Iranian language of Palavi, Iranian adapt the new language and named it Parsi (After their Palavi). By the end of Afghan Gaznavide Empire, Parsi became the first language of "Persians". But For Afghans it remain to be Dari until now. Many westerners think that Dari was born out of Persian, the fact is Persian is just bilingual of Dari. Dari is the real language where Arabic, Avestian and Palavi mixture takes place.
 

From the mid-10th century, Samanid power was gradually undermined, was losing power amongs, its people economically by the interruption of outsiders and politically by a struggle with a confederation of disaffected nobles. The Samanids became under pressure from the rising Altic/Turkish powers in Central Asia who came from the north. And Arabs from the west. Nuh II (976-997), to retain at least nominal control, he confirmed Sebüktigin, a former Turkish slave, who was bought by Afghans from Iranians made him as semi-independent ruler of Balkh and appointed his son Mahmud governor of Ghazni knowing that his power was geting attacked from the north, and the power should be past to the once who can unite the people. 
 
The Turkish Karakhanids, who then occupied the greater part of Transoxania. Soon the Karakhanids allied with Arabs/Iranians to deposed the Samanid Mansur II, taking possession of Afghanistan. The last Samanid, Ismail II, after a five-year struggle against the Qarakhanids from the north, was assassinated in 1005. Thats when Mahmud of Ghazni steped in, to take power before Turks, and Arabs, continued with the Afghan culture (indeed, Arabs, Mongols and Turks became Oughans) and made Dari the world class language. And made Afghanistan, the central 
Islamic civilization.
 
 
 
Afghan Poets/Artists during Samanids:
 
Shahidi Balkhi, 
Abushukuri Balkhi
Pbiai Balkhi,
Ahmadi Daqiqi
Abu Ali ibn Sina
 
Non-Afghans Poets/Artists
Abdulqasim Firdausi
Abubakr Muhammad Narshakh
Al-Khwarazmi
The slave Al-Turk Abu Dulaf 
Al-Maqdisi

But the best you can listen on Youtube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zquw43lijgQ
« Last Edit: June 01, 2009, 06:58:03 AM by Khurasanzad » Logged
Unity
Research Team
Hero Member
*

Karma: +518/-0
Offline Offline

Gender: Male
Posts: 1870


View Profile Email
« Reply #1 on: June 01, 2009, 08:06:44 AM »

And you surprised me by taking it seriously.
« Last Edit: June 01, 2009, 08:14:05 AM by Unity » Logged
Khurasanzad
Research Team
Sr. Member
*

Karma: +11/-0
Offline Offline

Posts: 439


View Profile Email
« Reply #2 on: June 01, 2009, 08:26:21 AM »

And you surprised me by taking it seriously.

Just wanted to show you that they started it again. Be aware of that
Logged
Pages: [1]
  Print  
 
Jump to:  

 
Powered by MySQL Powered by PHP bluBlur Skin 2006, hbSkins
Powered by SMF 2.0 RC1 | SMF © 2006–2009, Simple Machines LLC
Valid XHTML 1.0! Valid CSS!