The oldest archaeological site in Central Asia, Sarazm, in northern Tajikistan, was recently designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Sarazm is located ten kilometers from the Tajik city of Penjikent and five kilometers east of the Uzbek city of Samarkand.
A local resident discovered the remains of this archaeological site with a small hand ax in 1974. The excavations were later taken over by the archaeologist Abdualahjan Ishaqov, who led the excavations until 1997, at which point they were taken over by archaeologist Abdul Ra’uf, who has continued them under his leadership to the present day. These two archaeologists have worked in conjunction with archaeologists and researchers from Tajikistan, Russia, France and the United States unearthing relics and artifacts from Sarazm.
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