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A respond by a Baluch to Pashtuns claim on Baluchistan

#1 User is offline   Parsistani Icon

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Posted 15 January 2011 - 08:59 PM

Quote

Ahmed Shah Abdali was not a saint

By Dr Naseer Dashti


Mr Haroon Rashid in his article (Encounter, August 16, 2003) has explained in detail to prove that Ahmed Shah Abdali did not plunder Punjab. This may be true but the people of Punjab are well aware of the facts regarding the fateful events that followed the invasions by Ahmed Shah Abdali.

Many in Punjab still remember the fireside stories told to them by their forefathers as these raids happened just two centuries ago. There is no doubt that Ahmed Shah was a distinguished warrior. But to say that he was a kind-hearted king is not true. Equally debatable are the claims of his being motivated by religious sentiments.

There may be no evidence that he ever looted the Muslims of Punjab. But it was not the case with the Muslims of other areas which were frequently plundered, looted and murdered mercilessly by Ahmed Shah Abdali. If one takes into account the fact that Ahmed Shah frequently marched through Indian plains for the sole purpose of helping fellow Muslims in Punjab or just for propagating the message of the Holy Prophet and then what he did in his neighbourhood, one may come to the conclusion that he was surely a case of split or dual personality.

As far as the Baloch or the people of Balochistan are concerned, he was surely not a saint but a merciless plunderer and murderer just like his master and mentor Nadir Shah Afshar of Iran.

Ahmed Shah Abdali, "the great crusader" as he is being portrayed by the official historians, academicians and the media attacked and massacred hundreds of Baloch people mercilessly who also happened to be Muslims. His "jihadi" forces looted and plundered in the areas of Balochistan, north of Kalat, every movable property at least twice in a decade. It is amazing that during the pitched battles fought between the forces led by Ahmed Shah personally and the outnumbered forces of Khanate of Kalat, the warriors from both sides used to pray at the same time, to the same direction and according to the guidelines of the same Islamic sect.

The first attack on Baloch areas by Ahmed Shah began on 21 December, 1747, when Mir Mohabat Khan was the ruler of the Khanate of Kalat. Forces under the personal command of Ahmed Shah met first organized resistance from Baloch forces of Khanate at a place near Sheikh Wasil in the present district of Chagai. The Khanate forces were defeated and the Afghan forces marched towards Kalat, the capital of Baloch state, destroying the settlements in the present district of Mastung by adopting a scorch earth policy.

When the Afghan army reached Mangochar near capital Kalat, the Khan of Kalat conceded defeat and pleaded for an end to the murderous campaign against his people.

Khan's daughter was given as wife to Ahmed Shah. The victorious "Islamic army" of Abdali returned from Mangochar with the booty of thousands of cattle, horses and tonnes of wheat and barley. All the villages falling in the way of the marauding army were burned after being looted. Hundreds of Balochs were killed in the campaign.

Many were taken to Kandahar as hostages and were released later after their relatives paid huge ransom. It seems that taking hostages for ransom is a cultural tradition of Afghan "crusaders" - a tradition still being upheld by the present-day warlords in Afghanistan.

Even in the enlightened era of 21st century there are hostages lingering in the fortresses of Afghan warlords but this time the hostages are not Baloch but fellow Muslim fundamentalists or Taliban from Pakistan.

On second occasion, Ahmed Shah sent an army under the command of his Prime Minister Shah Wali towards Balochistan in the summer of 1757. This time the Khanate was being ruled by a robust leader, Khan Mir Naseer Khan. Afghan invaders were defeated at Mastung on 15th June, 1757 by Baloch forces. A week later, Ahmed Shah personally came with a huge army forcing Baloch army to retreat towards capital Kalat.

At Mangochar near Kalat a bloody battle took place. Baloch forces were overwhelmed by Abdali's army which was numerically superior. Hundreds were killed and the remaining army rushed towards the Miri Fort at Capital Kalat for shelter.

The Afghan forces surrounded the Capital and kept the siege for 40 days. After the failure of three major bloody attempts to weaken the defences of the fort of Miri and to overwhelm the Baloch resistance, Abdali proposed to negotiate for a peaceful withdrawal.

After prolonged negotiations between prime ministers of the Khan and Abdali, the "Treaty of Kalat" was signed to restore peace. However, the Afghan army plundered and looted every valuable while on their way back to Kandahar despite having signed a peace and friendship treaty with the ruler of the Baloch State. During the one and a half month siege of Kalat the surrounding Baloch villages were pillaged and burned by Afghan soldiers.

The fateful events of the Ahmed Shah's raids on Balochistan and the atrocities committed by Afghan forces were later graphically depicted in many of the historical works by famous authors. Prominent among them are Akhund Mohamed Abrar (Tarikh-i-Akhbar al Abrar), Ganda Singh (Ahmed Shah Durrani), Doulat Rai (Tarikh-i-Merat-i-Doulat-i-Abbasi), and Henry Pottingar (Travels in Balochistan and Sindh).

Soon after these seemingly unsuccessful raids on Balochistan, in the winter of 1759 Ahmed Shah crossed the Indus and advanced towards Hindustan in his yet another "jihadi invasion".

Not a single author has mentioned anything religious among the motives of Ahmed Shah for launching devastating raids on Balochistan. Nor even a word of any religious dispute has figured in the Balochi folk stories on Afghan intrusions and acts of murders and lootings on Baloch soil. Ahmed Shah Abdali may have been a pious and merciful person committed to the spread of Islam in the subcontinent or in Punjab, his forays in Balochistan bear no such evidence.

A major motive behind these invasions on Indian plains as most of the Muslim or Pakistani authors depict was either to expand the sacred religion or to protect the followers of the religion of Islam. But it is hard for a Baloch to believe this. After the truce and treaty of friendship between Ahmed Shah and Khan Naseer Khan of Kalat, the Afghan armies were frequently assisted by Baloch contingents in their adventures in Punjab.

It is astonishing and in contrast to Muslim authors' claim that Baloch elders or the people who took part in these invasions never told their offspring that they were in India for any "Tablighi Mission". They always described these as "Mohims" - a term in Balochi language meaning hunting expeditions or adventures for the objective of snatching booty.

It seems that most of our academicians in a misplaced zeal of linking the people of Pakistan with the people or rulers of our neighbouring areas in the west or north of Indus River are engaged in a blatant manipulation and distortion of historical facts. Mohamed bin Qasim and rulers of Ghazna dynasty in Afghanistan are being portrayed as model Muslim rulers.

Our children in schools are taught and are forced to believe that history of this land begins with the invasion of Arab forces under the command of Muhammad bin Qasim.

On the contrary, all the authentic Arab historians are of one view in describing Mohamed bin Qasim and his uncle Hajjaj bin Yusuf as among the most cruel and despicable Muslim rulers during Umayyad Dynasty.

In 21st century, the pious Mahmood of Ghazna and subsequent rulers of his dynasty would have faced charges of war crimes. In their looting expeditions in what is now western or Iranian Balochistan, these "flag bearers of Islam" had committed heinous crimes against Baloch people. The use of poison on a mass scale was first introduced by forces of Masud, son of Mahmood of Ghazna in one of the crucial battles against Baloch forces near Bumpur in Southern Balochistan.

Many of the people in Balochistan whose forefathers or relatives were murdered by Abdali or Ghaznavi feel humiliated when they see the missile systems of this country being named after Abdali or Ghaznavi.

Our official historians and writers are solely responsible for such grave misrepresentation of historical facts and events and in misguiding our generation.

It is difficult for the saner elements of this country especially from minority nationalities to reconcile with the deliberate falsification and distortion of basic historical and cultural truths by state-sponsored media and academicians. We have suffered a lot as a nation because of this biased approach towards our history and cultural heritages. It is time we adopted a rational and honest approach towards our past.

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Posted 15 January 2011 - 09:10 PM

http://www.khawaran....balochistan.pdf

I guess, this is the star article of all and a perfect answer to Pashtuns and their Baluchistan claim and their utopic ''Loy Awghanistan''. It seems, that today Baluch people will rise against Pashtuns in their province. Because of Pashtuns population, many Baluchs lost their lifes because of Taliban and Paki army attacks. Now they answer everyone.
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Posted 15 January 2011 - 09:38 PM

Good Article. Thanks.

View PostParsistani, on 15 January 2011 - 09:10 PM, said:

http://www.khawaran....balochistan.pdf

I guess, this is the star article of all and a perfect answer to Pashtuns and their Baluchistan claim and their utopic ''Loy Awghanistan''. It seems, that today Baluch people will rise against Pashtuns in their province. Because of Pashtuns population, many Baluchs lost their lifes because of Taliban and Paki army attacks. Now they answer everyone.

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#4 User is offline   Sohrab Icon

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Posted 15 January 2011 - 09:42 PM

who is this noor ahmad balouch?
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