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Gabaro_glt Icon : (26 March 2013 - 10:17 AM) Tajikistan was inhabited by the races of Cyrus the great (Sultan skindar Zulqarnain). The achmaniend dynasty ruled the entire region for several thousnd years.Cyrus the great's son cymbasis(Combchia)with forces migrated to Balkh ancient Bactaria or Bakhtar. Sultan Sumus the desecndant of Cyrus the great faught war against Alaxander of Macdonia in Bakhtar current tajikistan.
this ruling class was inhabited in the areas, like Balkh,fargana,alai,Tajikistan,badakhshan,Kabul,Takhar,Tashkorogan,Khutan,kashkar,Swat,Kashmir,Peshawar, hashtnager,Dir, Bajour,Gilgit,for serveral thaousand years.
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Gabaro_glt Icon : (26 March 2013 - 10:00 AM) Tajikistan was inhabited by the races of Cyrus the great (Sultan skindar Zulqarnain). The achmaniend dynasty ruled the entire region for several thousnd years.Cyrus the great's son cymbasis(Combchia)with forces migrated to Balkh ancient Bactaria or Bakhtar. Sultan Sumus the desecndant of Cyrus the great faught war against Alaxander of Macdonia in Bakhtar current tajikistan.
this ruling class was inhabited in the areas, like Balkh,fargana,alai,Tajikistan,badakhshan,Kabul,Takhar,Tashkorogan,Khutan,kashkar,Swat,Kashmir,Peshawar, hashtnager,Dir, Bajour,Gilgit,for serveral thaousand years.
Gabaro_glt Icon : (26 March 2013 - 09:46 AM) hellow
Gabaro_glt Icon : (25 March 2013 - 10:48 AM) Asssssssssalam o Alaikum
Gabaro_glt Icon : (22 March 2013 - 05:22 AM) I would like to here something from a tajik brother/sister living in Tajikstan
Gabaro_glt Icon : (22 March 2013 - 05:20 AM) I have traced my ancestors migrated from Panj and Balkh ancient
Gabaro_glt Icon : (22 March 2013 - 05:19 AM) I am desendant of Sultan behram Gabari Tajik living in GilGit pakistan
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  1. Teas and a taste of Tajikistan in Boulder

    Posted 1 Aug 2008

    Teas and a taste of Tajikistan in Boulder
    http://www.boston.co... lder/?page=full

    Posted Image
    The Boulder Dushanbe Teahouse, built in Tajikistan, serves 80 varieties of tea. (Eric Pyenson)

    By Andrea Pyenson
    Globe Correspondent / June 25, 2008

    BOULDER, Colo. - This blissed-out city boasts a little bit of Tajikistan. With its brightly painted ceramic panels standing in bold contrast to the towering Flatirons beyond, the Boulder Dushanbe Teahouse is a vision. It was a gift from Dushanbe, Tajikistan, Boulder's sister city, and built by more than 40 artisans in several Tajik cities, then shipped over in pieces and assembled in its location next to Boulder Creek and steps from the city's downtown pedestrian mall.

    In a community where life revolves around outdoor activities, the Teahouse is a calming oasis. But Boulder is made up of more than hikers and rock climbers. This unique spot, celebrating its 10th anniversary, meshes with the city's well-earned granola image as well. (A waiter at a local burrito joint, when asked for directions, noted, "I'm the wrong guy to ask about tea; I have to go ask one of the hippie waitresses.") Even students from nearby University of Colorado flock to the vibrantly colored building, especially for afternoon tea.

    Teahouses serve as gathering places in Central Asia, and many are decorated with Persian art, using motifs from nature. The Boulder Teahouse reflects that tradition, with an intricately hand-carved and hand-painted ceiling and 12 carved cedar columns. The effect, both inside and out, is stunning. You feel like you're in a welcome, but very exotic space. Floor-to-ceiling windows on three sides of the main dining room and a large skylight over a fountain in the middle, make the teahouse very bright, even on a gray day.

    The focus, of course, is tea. It can take time to wade through the thick menu of 80 varieties. But nobody rushes you. And if you're lucky enough to be sitting at a topchon (the traditional Tajik table), you can nestle against the pillows and peruse the selections in maximum comfort. Some highlights include rooibos tisanes, which have been shown to have many beneficial health properties; yerba mate, very popular in South America and high in caffeine; and rare and delicate white teas.

    Tea arrives in individual pots accompanied by a timer. The server offers advice to each diner about when to remove the basket of leaves from the various pots.

    Under the stewardship of chef Kyle Mendenhall, the food is equally impressive. The teahouse serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner on weekdays, brunches on weekends. Mendenhall, who has been here six months, recently overhauled the menu with the notion, he says, of "staying true to our roots and where the teahouse comes from." As a result, there are Persian dishes, some marked "world cuisine," and others that are prepared with tea, such as lapsang souchong brined pork. His Persian food, says the chef, isn't exactly authentic, but rather based on traditional recipes. When he decides what to serve, he's mindful of his audience.

    Hence, he makes round balls of kufteh out of chickpeas instead of the traditional beef or lamb. "We like to do a vegetarian option," says Mendenhall. Kuku, another Persian specialty, Mendenhall describes as "a cross between an omelet and a souffle." It arrives full of cauliflower, with a cumin-scented yogurt sauce and the house bread, similar to crostini. An appetizer of mojama, loin of Spanish tuna, has been cured for days, dried for a few more, then sliced paper thin, its saltiness cut by lemon and olive oil. The fish is garnished with a frisee salad. The signature dessert, gingerbread, is made with tangerine tea and topped with five-spice whipped cream and orange syrup.

    If you didn't come blissed out, you'll leave on a cloud.

    The Boulder Dushanbe Teahouse, 1770 13th St., Boulder, Colo., 303-442-4993, boulderteahouse.com.
  2. Tajik Authorities, Clergy Concerned About Salafi Movement

    Posted 31 Jul 2008

    Tajik Authorities, Clergy Concerned About Salafi Movement
    Thursday, July 31, 2008 7:55 AM

    Senior Tajik officials have expressed concern over the increasing influence of the Salafi religious movement, a Tajik paper says. It also carries interviews with a well-known Tajik clergy and senator, Haji Akbar Turajonzoda, who criticizes the movement and says it may pose a danger to society. However, interviewed members of the movement say that Salafi is a community and not a movement and that it is not involved in politics. The following is an excerpt from article by Parvina Hamidova entitled "Secret of Salafi movement" published by the Tajik newspaper Asia-Plus on 24 July; subheadings inserted editorially, ellipses as published throughout:

    There have been a lot of rumours, disputes and discussions about the Salafi [a sect promoting puritan Islam] movement, which has lately stepped up its activities in Tajikistan. Who are they? What do they want? What consequences will the increase of their influence have?

    It was the then interior minister, Khumdin Sharipov, who first made an official statement at a news conference in January 2006 on the emergence of Salafi movement in Tajikistan. An ITAR-TASS report said [at the time] that the former minister mentioned about them in the context of religious and extremist groups becoming active.

    [Passage omitted: further quote of ITAR-TASS report on Sharipov's interview on Salafi movement]

    Call for tougher actions against Salafi movement

    It seems Salafis are still "under close surveillance". However, they have apparently been causing concern of the authorities. Over the past month, several prosecutors made rather sharp statements concerning Salafis. The Tajik prosecutor-general, Bobojon Bobokhonov, last week announced at a news conference that if they establish the involvement of the movement in "anti-constitutional activities", the Prosecutor-General's Office would appeal to the Supreme Court to ban its activities in Tajikistan.

    "First, there were Wahhabis, then Hezb-e Tahrir appeared and now Salafiya. My personal view is that they all are against stability," he said. At the same time, the prosecutor noted that no Salafi member had yet been detained on suspicion of being involved in "anti- constitutional activities".

    The prosecutor of Sughd Region, Khayrullo Saidov, also made a statement on this issue earlier. He first said that the activities of Salafis were under "tight control", and then called for the restriction of their access to mosques. "Do not allow any supporter of this religious movement to mosque to say a prayer. I order all (prosecutors - editorial note) not to allow them. We know where they have studied and what their goal is. They have studied in a place from where a threat used to be posed on our state back in the 20s of the past century," the CA-news agency says quoting Khayrullo Saidov.

    The authorities in [the northern town of] Khujand have also raised concern over Salafiya problems. "Currently, we have to step up awareness campaign and explain young people the ideological danger of the movement in order to prevent the number of its members from increasing," said the mayor of the city, Muhammadjon Mamadjonov, at a regular meeting of his administration at the end of June this year.

    Criticism of Salafi movement

    Senator of the Supreme Assembly Haji Akbar Turajonzoda was one the first religious figures who have spoken publicly about the problem of Salafis. Asia-Plus [correspondent] asked him to comment on this issue.

    [Correspondent] Esteemed Turajonzoda, why is the popularity of the Salafi movement growing in Tajikistan?

    [Turajonzoda] I do not agree with the view that they are very popular in our country. Yes, there are Salafis, but they are mainly in major cities. They are almost not present in villages, districts or rural areas.

    The Salafis in Tajikistan are led by young people who have studied in major Islamic educational establishments, including an international university in Islamabad named after Faysal [name as transliterated] some of them are also graduates from higher educational establishments in Yemen and Saudi Arabia. Salafis have very strong position in those educational establishments. Information I have indicate that during study those students were financed by various public organizations, mainly from Arab states they pay for education, living and allowances. Most of those organizations receive support from the West. At present, in the Islamic world, specifically after the 11 September [events], nobody provides humanitarian aid, including in the form of grants or allowances, without the USA or Europe's consent. Coming back home, some of the graduates of those universities, who had become ideological followers of Salafiya, continue to promote its ideology. According to reports I have, there are several thousands of followers of this movement in Tajikistan.

    [Correspondent] You were the first person to raise this problem in the media. What did force you to do this?

    [Turajonzoda] Salafis believe that the traditional flows in Islam Hanafi, Maliki, Hambali, Shafi and others - have divided the Islamic world. They are, specifically, antagonistically disposed to Shi'a Islam followers. They [Salafis] consider them to be kafirs [infidels], that is to say not Muslims. They also do not consider them to be their brothers-in-religion. If anybody doubts my words, they can watch a videodisk of one of the leaders of Tajik Salafi movement, who is called Muhammadi. They believe that there are many superstitions and unneeded traditions and that they should be cleaned. In other words, Salafi movement's goal is that all should follow only the Koran and Sunnah [traditions] of the Prophet [Muhammad]. Despite the fact that the Hanafi does not go beyond the frame of the Koran and Sunnah, they interpret it in favour of their own goals.

    [Passage omitted: more on Salafi teaching]

    [Turajonzoda] I, probably, was the first to speak publicly about this through the media in Tajikistan. I expressed regret that some government officials consider this movement to be harmless. The idea to support the Salafi movement was based on the principle of curbing the growing popularity of traditional religious figures. At the same time, analysing their activities in Tajikistan, as well as in the whole Islamic world, you can arrive at a conclusion that some special services definitely stand behind such explosive forces.

    Why are they now sharply speaking against Shi'a Islam followers? Do you think the irreconcilable opposition between the West and Iran could not be behind this?

    [Passage omitted: Turajonzoda says radical groups sometimes emerge because of the authorities' improper policy]

    [Correspondent] Official reports indicate that the authorities earlier did not see any threat in the emergence of the Salafi movement. However, their statements have recently become tougher. What do you think, why is this happening?

    [Turajonzoda] Tajik Salafis have in every convenient or inconvenient time been expressing their full loyalty to the leadership of the country, even sometimes making inappropriate remarks that the leader of the state [President Emomali Rahmon] is God's proxy on earth. However, this is their temporary recognition. Another secret of the Tajik Salafi movement is that they have people with good contacts. There are even offspring of senior officials among them. By the way, it is them who are now expressing concern over this.

    Alleged aid from abroad

    Salafiya is mainly a movement of young people. The average age of Salafis in Tajikistan is 30. Although, they might by the time abandon those principles, they might be dangerous if they are properly financed and managed. Al-Qa'idah, Jihad-e Islami and others are all Salafi movements. At present there are grounds to think that Tajik Salafi movement is properly financed from abroad. They recruit young people, who are not fully educated, but are talented and can lead other people - like Bolsheviks did at the time - and pay them good money from 300 to 400 dollars a month. They also publish dozens of books, translate works of Salafi leaders and distribute them free of charge.

    However, I am convinced that the Salafi ideology will not widely spread in Tajikistan. At the same time, we should not forget that young people might take extreme steps if they consider that there is no other way. They can commit terrorist acts or murders. Many people even warn me that I should not so actively fight them and that they may attempt on my life. However, I have not yet observed any factor constituting a threat, although their propaganda and preaching shows that I and my brothers cause a specific hatred in Salafi movement members."

    [Correspondent] What do you think about the methods proposed by Sughd Region's prosecutor and other officials as a countermeasure against Salafi movement?

    [Turajonzoda] I think to some extent this will have an effect. However, it is better to take preventive measures. On the one hand, the majority of the people believe in the official assessment and such statements will to some extent make people (in the first instance, the officials whose offspring have sympathy to Salafis) sober and forces them to talk to their offspring, and caution them against showing interest in Salafiya. There are also more effective methods. My brothers and I have also making such efforts.

    [Passage omitted: Turajonzoda says he and his brothers carrying out awareness campaign against Salafi movement in mosques and at various religious functions and that this method is proving to be effective]

    [Turajonzoda] As far as other more radically disposed people concerned, and it has to be said that there are many of them in Salafi movement; it is necessary to take tougher measures against them, although punitive measures are inadmissible. One should not be sent to jail because of his religious conviction. This will give a converse effect. For example, followers of the Hezb-e Tahrir are carrying out a very active propaganda in jails. Reports we have say that many inmates now follow "[Hezb-e] Tahrir".

    [Passage omitted: Turajonzoda says traditional clergy are also making efforts to curb Salafi influence in the country; background on Salafi movement]

    Salafi members say they are not involved in politics

    [Correspondent] My meeting with representatives of the Salafi movement took place in the centre of Dushanbe. The four young people differed from their peers only by their untrimmed beards. They all were nearly of the same age from 30 to 35. They introduce themselves only by their first names. Two of them agreed to answer my questions. Suhrob and Abdurahmon joined Salafi movement almost at the same time some five years ago. Both have higher education Suhrob graduated from the faculty of foreign languages of a pedagogical institute and Abdurahmon graduated from the capital's polytechnics institute.

    Suhrob says he was not interested in religion before and lived a usual life of a young man: "Well, you know how this was drank, had fun and did things like this...". However, one day I met my old friend, who was a religious person. He began to persuade me that it was not correct to live in that way. Suhrob gradually became interested in religion.

    "I read many books in order to find my way. I think what I have chosen is the most acceptable for me because this is the path of our ancestors," Suhrob says.

    In response to a question as to why it was Salafiya and not the traditional Hanafi, he answered explicitly: "This is my choice, and moreover we are brothers with Hanafi followers."

    [Correspondent] Don't you have any disagreement with them?

    [Suhrob] No we do not have any disagreement with Muslims

    Hanafi, Maliki or others. The Koran and Sunnah also, like us, guide them. The problem is in another thing many extra things emerged in Islam, which had never been in it. For example, this is funeral repast three days, seven days, forty and a year - so much waste [of money]. This had never been in Islam and the Prophet [Muhammad] did not say about this. However, they (religious leaders) do not understand this. They simply gain from this...

    [Correspondent] I try to find out the reasons behind the criticism of the traditional Tajik clergy by their leaders if there is not disagreement, and get an unexpected answer.

    [Suhrob] We do not have any leaders we are all equal before God. We respect elders and those who have good knowledge. However, we do not have leaders. We are not an organization or a movement we are simply a community. Just for this reason we have never strived for getting officially registered or to have another legal status. We do not need this...

    [Correspondent] Have you heard that you have a leader, who is called Muhammadi?

    [Suhrob] It is you who is calling him [a leader]. Neither he himself nor we consider him to be a leader. He is a brother to us like others. There are simply several such people among us, who can talk about the godly path of our ancestors to the people. However, he is not the only such person.

    [Correspondent] The following is what Suhrob and Abdurahmon said about the difference between Salafi movement and Hezb-e Tahrir:

    [Suhrob] Members of Hezb-e Tahrir are also Muslims. However, they have their own goals they are against the government. However, we are not involved in politics. Our goal is to save our souls, to save the people who surround us. We also support the government if its actions do not contradict the Koran and hadithes.

    [Correspondent] Is it true that there are many offspring of senior officials among you?

    [Suhrob] We do not know anything about this. We all are brothers... There are different people among us. I even cannot say how many we are. I am not interested in statistics.

    [Correspondent] Is there any place in Dushanbe where you get together to pray collectively or simply talk?

    [Suhrob] Yes, of course, sometimes we gather and talk to our brothers. After all, we have so much in common. However, we do not have any gatherings or meetings. We go to pray to various mosques of the city together with all [other believers]. However, most of our brothers go to Sirojiddin Mosque in Zarafshon.

    [Correspondent] How did your parents accept your choice?

    [Abdurahmon] My father is an Orientalist. He does not understand me and does not think this is good. However, my mother supports me.

    [Correspondent] When we returned to the issue of the criticism of Turajonzoda by Salafis, which are being spread through audio and video devices, the two said: "We do not criticize Haji Akbar Turajonzoda or his brothers personally. Our criticism is focused on what Eshon Nuriddin (a brother of Turajonzoda) says about our views and his evaluation as a whole...

    [Passage omitted: briefly about brothers Turajonzoda; about Shi'a and Ismailis]

    Salafi leaders meet migrants

    A report was quite recently posted on the movement's website (www.tajmigrant.com) about a meeting of the leader of the public movement Tajik Labour Migrants in Russia, Karomat Sharipov, "with representatives of the Salafi religious organization, including its leader Muhammadi Rahmatullo; and deputy leader, Saidburhon Sharif; in Moscow. The information bureau ODD TTM [name of the agency untraced] quoting Muhammadi Rahmatullo reports that the Salafi movement now has 20,000 members. Salafiya has been carrying out active missionary activities since 2001. Rahmatullo says over that period representatives of Salafi movement visited major regions of the Russian Federation, where there are Tajik labour migrants.

    However, I was not able to deny or confirm this information. Karomat Sharipov was not available when the article was being prepared. Salafi movement members also could not confirm or deny the fact that Muhammadi at present is not in Tajikistan.

    [Passage omitted: a thorough analysis of the Salafi movement needed]

    Originally published by Asia-Plus, Dushanbe, in Russian 24 Jul 08.

    © 2008 BBC Monitoring Central Asia. Provided by ProQuest Information and Learning. All rights Reserved.

    Story Source: BBC Monitoring Central Asia
  3. Cyrus the Great coming into the limelight

    Posted 28 Jul 2008

    Looking forward to this. Hope it will be completed and worthwhile.

    Quote

    Cyrus the Great coming into the limelightTEHRAN, July 28 (MNA) -- Iranian director Hormoz Emami plans put the spotlight on the founder of the Persian empire, Cyrus the Great, in a documentary series entitled The Eagle of the East. The film will cover parts of the historical events in Persia, Mesopotamia, Lydia which resulted in rising Cyrus the Great to the power.Shooting is scheduled to begin in September and Emami will travel to many countries including Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt, Cyprus, Greece, and the republics of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Armenia, and Georgia to compete the project.He is also to take jaunts to Russia, England, France, Germany, Italy and the United States of America to use information of their museums for his film.The Research Center of the Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Organization, the Iranian National Committee for the International Council of Museums (ICOM), the Parseh and Pasargadae Research Foundation, and several other organizations and institutes will help Emami in this venture.The film will be recorded in Persian and English in 400 minutes on eight DVDs, which will be offered with Four Corners of the World book featuring photos of Achaemenid sites.http://www.mehrnews. ...x?NewsID=723882
  4. Tajikistans foreign policy - Moving away from Russia towards Iran?

    Posted 15 Jul 2008

    I find this article to be an interesting analysis, altho i cant comment on how accurate the assessment is for the overall picture of Tajikistan's foreign policy - which from what i can make of the article seems to be becoming more independent and moving slowly away from the Russian fold.

    I think its a good sign that Iran-Tajikistan-Afghanistan relations are being built on several fronts, and are not limited to only economic and cultural issues but also include a number of security issues too. I dont know how effective some of these security measures will be (or economic and cultural ones for that matter) under the present regimes in each country, but where there's a will there is a way and at the very least it is an encouraging sign that the tri-lateral relations being discussed among the 3 states cover a very diverse set of targets and agendas.

    Quote

    MEDVEDEV PATIENTLY COURTING CENTRAL ASIAN LEADERS By Roger McDermott Tuesday, July 15, 2008 On July 6 Tajikistans President Emomali Rakhmon met Russian President Dmitry Medvedev during their visit to Kazakhstan to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the renaming of Astana. Details on the talks are scarce, but with the prospect of another bilateral meeting at the Dushanbe Shanghai Cooperation Organization summit in August, both leaders were undoubtedly preparing the way for their next meeting. Speculation has grown since Medvedev took office that his diplomatic activity in Central Asia will presage a more concerted effort to reduce regional U.S. security influence. There was, however, almost no indication of this in Astana, suggesting that while anxiety exists in the West about Moscows intentions, Medvedev is pursuing a cautious and more conservative agenda in the region. It is likely that Medvedev was focusing on energy issues, as he may be keen to promote the interests of Russian energy companies in Tajikistan. Gazprom has recently acquired a number of licenses to develop fields in Tajikistan and play a leading role in this sector, while Inter RAO UES (Unified Energy System of Russia) aspires to manage the construction of the Roghun hydroelectric power station (www.avesta.tj, July 7).Dushanbe shows no sign of altering its security relations with Russia, which are likely to continue to be pleasing to policy makers in Moscow, despite the presence of a small contingent of French troops in Dushanbe that has never provoked any significant level of controversy. During a recent interview with Delovaya Nedelya in Kazakhstan, Tajik Foreign Minister Hamrokhon Zarifi stressed the importance of Dushanbes cooperation with powers beyond Central Asia, which included Russia, China, the United States and Iran. Zarifi highlighted the long-standing nature of Tajikistans relationship with Russia, which is unlikely to change as a result of any Kremlin policy shifts under Medvedev. Each state that our country cooperates with has its own place in our country's foreign policy. We build our relations on this basis. We have common interests and mutually advantageous plans, and all these unite mutual efforts and actions. Tajikistan and Russia, for example, have been linked by long-standing relations. We were one country, the USSR, for over 70 years; and we have many things in common--traditions, language, environment and the like. Many inseparable ties have firmly linked our countries together, and any disruption of these ties would lead to irreparable consequences. We develop and strengthen our strategic partnership relations with Russia taking this factor into account, Zarifi said.Such thinking dominates the defense and security policy. As is known, the 201st military base of the Russian Federation is in Tajikistan. The presence of the Russian military base has its history and tradition, taking into account the fact that Russian servicemen from this base and the Tajik people were together during the most difficult time for Tajikistan. They ensured security on the Tajik borders and inside the country. Second, their presence is in line with our country's cooperation with Russia, as well as cooperation within the framework of the CSTO, Zarifi commented. It seems there is no appetite for changing policies toward foreign bases either by vociferously opposing the stationing of Western forces in the region or developing new arrangements in this area (Narodnaya Gazeta, June 18).There has been speculation about recent trends in Tajikistans foreign policy relating to its cooperation with Arab states. Rakhmon visited Egypt, Syria, Qatar and the UAE in 2007, followed by an official visit by the Emir of Qatar to Dushanbe; and the emergence of trilateral cooperation among Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Iran is thought by some to indicate part of a wider shift in foreign policy. Zarifi explained, however, that these activities formed part of Dushanbes attempts to promote its own interests, which are not aimed at favoring any one or any group of foreign states.Yet, this trilateral cooperation, based on economic interests, may in the longer term produce security changes in Tajikistan, at least insofar as how the security structures assess and counter threats to domestic security. Trilateral cooperation among Tajikistan, Iran and Afghanistan in this format is still at its initial stage. Our intentions in this field mainly pursue economic interests. The point here is about the construction of roads linking Tajikistan with the northern provinces of Afghanistan and Iran, power transmission lines along the same routes, cultural projects, and setting up a joint television channel. We do not think that the implementation of these projects will be coming under the economic influence of another state, Zarifi said (Narodnaya Gazeta, June 18).Nonetheless, there are initiatives in place that point to a later extension of the trilateral Tajikistan-Afghanistan-Iran cooperation into security areas. A memorandum on cooperation between the interior ministries of Tajikistan and Afghanistan was just signed in Dushanbe. On July 9 Tajik Interior Minister Mahmadnazar Solehov and Afghan Interior Minister Eng Zarar Ahmad Moqbel signed a memorandum on cooperation that will promote bilateral cooperation and an exchange of intelligence aimed at countering terrorism, drugs and weapons smuggling, transnational organized crime and the export of historical and cultural artifacts. It also envisages taking steps to combat the flow of narcotics and their precursors. Specialists for the Afghan Interior Ministry will be trained at the Tajik Interior Ministry's academy, and there will be greater cooperation between the police and other security agencies involved in tackling these issues (www.avesta.tj, July 9). As economic cooperation develops among these Persian-language countries, it may well facilitate security cooperation in very specific areas.Thus, subtle changes in Tajikistans foreign policy indicate a trend toward the emergence of possibly more independent defense and security policies that could go beyond its traditional security partners. Medvedev, however, being on a campaign to pressure his Central Asian partners into a more anti-Western stance, not only runs counter to Russias own interests but misses the point entirely. The Central Asian states are less nervous about the change in the Kremlin than they are about facing the new man in the White House. Eight years of being on the receiving end of quite diverse U.S. security initiatives and being unclear about how best to exploit these offers or implement them and being guided by a monolithic unilateralism has taken its toll. Will this be followed by more of the same? Subtle repackaging? Or a re-activated multilateral approach?http://jamestown. org...icle_id=2373226
  5. Construction of railroad linking Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Iran to be discussed

    Posted 15 Jul 2008

    Construction of railroad linking Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Iran to be discussed in Kabul next week
    15.07.2008 13:34
    Author: Daler Ghufronov

    DUSHANBE, July 15, 2008, Asia-Plus -- Issues related to construction of a railway that will link Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Iran will be discussed at a meeting of officials of the three countries that is expected to take part in Kabul next week, Vladimir Sobkalov, the first deputy head of the Tajik Railways, announced at press conference in Dushanbe on July 14.

    Sobkalov noted that a joint communiqu pledging tripartite cooperation in the energy and transport sectors was signed by foreign ministers of Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Iran in Dushanbe last March. A railway link connecting Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Iran is part of the project for construction of Tajikistan-Afghanistan-Iran highway.

    The Tajik side has already prepared its proposals on the construction of the mentioned railroad, the Tajik Railways official said.

    We will recall that the trilateral summit that is scheduled to take part in Dushanbe next month on sidelines of the summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) will consider this issue.

    http://www.asiaplus.... s/33/34692.html

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