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Afghanistan's parliamentary election, 2010 Rate Topic: -----

#1 User is offline   Sultan Faghal Gabari Icon

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Posted 20 September 2010 - 08:15 AM

The Afghan parliamentary election, 2010 to elect members of the Wolesi Jirga took place on 18 September 2010.[1][2][3] Final results are not expected till October. The Afghan Independent Election Commission - established in accordance with the article 156 of the Constitution of Afghanistan for the purpose of organizing and supervising all elections in the country - postponed the poll from its original date 22 May 2010, although even a further postponement had been suggested.

Campaign
The campaign period kicked off on June 23 and ran until September 16.

On June 23, 2010, the full list of candidates was announced; 2,577 candidates filed to run, 405 of them women.[9]

On July 7, 2010, the Electoral Complaint Commission announced that it had disqualified 36 candidates because of ties to illegal private militias. However, according to critics "the net caught a few small fish while the sharks swam around it".[10][11] Sima Samar, who heads the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission, said she was concerned that there were alleged war criminals on the candidate lists.[12]

[edit] Security
The Taliban issued a direct threat to all those involved in the Wolesi Jirga elections on September 5.

"We urge people not to participate in the election. Everything and everyone affiliated with the election is our target -- candidates, security forces, campaigners, election workers, voters are all our targets," said Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid.[13]

Three candidates have been killed during the campaign period while there have been several attempts on the lives of others, some of which have resulted in the deaths of campaign workers. In a tally kept by the Free Election Foundation of Afghanistan, 11 campaign workers have been killed since late June.[14]

[edit] Polling centres
On August 18, Afghanistan’s Independent Election Commission announced it would open 5,897 polling centers for the 2010 Wolesi Jirga elections. This is 938 fewer than the original plan to have 6835 centers opened.[15]

The decision on whether to open or close polling centers is a matter for debate [16] but the IEC says decisions on the polling centers was made in conjunction with the country’s security agencies and on September 5 said it was too late to open more; a view supported by the United Nations and Democracy International.[17]

On September 8, the IEC said a further 81 polling centers would remain shut in eastern Nangarhar province. This brought to 1,019 centers closed, which is almost 15 per cent of the preliminary list of 6835.[18]

[edit] Voting system
The voting system used for the Wolesi Jirga elections is Single Non-Transferable Voting. The system allows for candidates with as little as less than one percent of the vote to be elected. There has been calls to review the use of SNTV as it impedes the development of political parties and prevents fair and accurate representation of Afghanistan’s diverse population.[19]

During the 2005 Wolesi Jirga elections, all but three provinces had a majority of votes go to losing candidates under the system of Single Non-Transferable Voting.[20]

[edit] Candidates
There are 2,584 candidates on the ballots for the 2010 Wolesi Jirga elections, across 34 provinces and a country-wide electorate for the nomadic kuchi tribe.[21]

Some 406 candidates are women, who are allocated at least 68 seats.[22]

Notable incumbent candidates include: Ramazan Bashar Dost, who came third in the 2009 Afghan Presidential election; Younus Qanooni, runner-up to President Hamid Karzai in the 2004 presidential election and the inaugural Speaker of the Wolesi Jirga; Shukria Barakzai, a vocal supporter of women’s rights; and Mullah Abdul Salaam Rocketi, a former jihadist who earned his name from his skill in shooting rocket-propelled grenades during the Soviet occupation. All three of them are standing again for one of the 33 seats assigned to Kabul province.

Other candidates for Kabul include: comedian Zamir Kabuli, who is famous for ridiculing politicians; Farida Tarana, a 29-year-old former female contestant on Afghan Star, the local equivalent of American Idol.[23]

[edit] Controversy
Reflecting on the disputed previous presidential election, in December 2009 representatives of donor states expressed worries and even suggested that the polls should be postponed. Since the violence and the accusations of fraud that accompanied the 2009 election,[24] another round of voting was expected to do more harm than good. The planned election might lead to a new campaign of violence by the Taliban to intimidate voters. The United Nations, the United States and election observation missions, including one representing the European Union, had asked the Afghan government to refrain from further elections until it had written a new election law and created a list of registered voters.[25]

U.S. Congressmen visiting Kabul that month also urged President Karzai to delay until electoral reforms were in place. Otherwise, Afghanistan could risk American financial support. Karzai insisted that the elections had to be held in May, despite concerns about their credibility.[26][27]

On January 24, the election authorities in Afghanistan decided to postponed the elections until September 18, due to "security concerns, logistical problems, and insufficient funds".[28] Using a loophole in the Constitution, the Karzai administration unilaterally rewrote the election law, and Karzai put it into effect by a decree on February 13, 2010. Under this new version, the five members of the Electoral Complaints Commission (ECC), will now be chosen by the president after consultation with the parliamentary leadership. Previously, three of the seats were held by foreigners appointed by the United Nations and the other two members were Afghans.[29][30] On March 31, 2010, the Lower House of the Afghan parliament rejected this change.[31]

In a speech at the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) on May 17, 2010, former Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah warned that another rigged election would be catastrophic, even more than the discredited presidential election in August 2009 from which he dropped out.[32][33]

On August 13, 2010, Staffan de Mistura, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's special representative for Afghanistan, called upon the Afghan security forces to show heightened vigilance, referring to widespread intimidation of female candidates, the killing of three candidates and other violence directed against candidates.[34][35] The Free and Fair Election Foundation of Afghanistan (FEFA) stated that observers were based in all 34 provinces of Afghanistan to observe the campaigns at the provincial level, and volunteer observers in many districts as well.[36]

Since June 2010, FEFA published monitoring reports into the election campaign,[37][38][39] in which it catalogued examples of violence against candidates or misuse of government resources. FEFA called on the Afghan government and Afghan and international security forces to take action against individuals perpetrating electoral violations and act decisively to protect voters and candidates and voters ahead of the parliamentary elections. In the report about the launch of the 2010 election campaigns, the FEFA detailed illegal actions of candidates, increasing attacks against candidates and campaign workers, and widespread intimidation of women. Warlords, the Taliban and rival candidates were blamed for the intimidation and already at least eight people had been assassinated in relation to the upcoming elections, including three candidates. According to some candidates the security situation was worse than with the 2009 presidential elections, despite the arrival of the reinforcement of 30,000 American troops. Nader Nadery, Commissioner at the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) and director of FEFA, said that there was more intimidation, more attacks on female candidates and other candidates. "Areas in the south are becoming more and more insecure and areas in the north are becoming more and more intimidating for the weaker candidates." According to Mirwais Yasini, former deputy speaker of the Lower House and a candidate in Nangahar Province, in several districts it was impossible to campaign.[40]

There were also reports of thousands of fake voter registration cards in circulation that threatened the credibility of elections.[41]

Following the 2010 Qur'an-burning controversy, the United Nations' top diplomat in the country said the ensuing protests could force the delay of parliamentary elections.[42]

[edit] Fraud prevention
The Independent Election Commission endeavored to prevent the massive fraud that marred 2009's presidential elections, in which one million ballots for President Hamid Karzai were ruled invalid.[43]

The IEC sacked 6,000 election workers and tightened the security measures surrounding ballot boxes by introducing a computerized tracking system.[44]

However, it was expected that fraud would still occur and would be a hard spot, according to election observers Democracy International.[45]

[edit] Election
On election day, at least 14 people were killed[46] amid UN and US warnings that security and fraud were major concerns at the election. The Taliban also fired rockets in several cities including Kabul and set off bombs at a polling station and by the governor of Kandahar's convoy.[47]

A Taliban website said that upwards of a hundred attacks had been carried out, though these claims were not confirmed; election authorities, however, said that the elections as a whole had been safe. The organisation that monitered the elections, the Free and Fair Elections Foundation, said that "[t]hough there were numerous attacks, none were severe enough to disrupt voting on a wide scale."[48]

Fraud was also a concern, as some people were discovered trying to cast over a thousand illegitimate votes on behalf of candidates.[48] Some officials were accused of taking bribes;[46] and permanent ink was used to mark the fingers of those who had voted so as to identify and prevent multiple votes.[46]

The total turnout of voters was estimated to be almost 3,600,000,[citation needed] out of a total of more than 10 million eligible voters. The United Nations said that if five million people voted, the vote could be considered a success, given the difficulties of holding an election during a war. The head of Afghanistan's Independent Election Commission said that he would consider the elections a success if more than three million people voted, which he considered likely.[46] Out of a planned 5,816 open voting locations, authorities said that 92% had opened as scheduled, while the remainder had not opened due to security concerns.[46][48] The turnout was reported to be light due to Taliban threats.[49] However, the violence was also a lot less than expected.

Additionally, more than 100 complaints of fraud were filed in the first weekend, another 1,300 complaints were submitted orally, but the election commission has said that they would not be reviewed unless they're put into writing.[50]
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#2 User is offline   Sohrab Icon

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Posted 20 September 2010 - 09:02 AM

an election with alot of problems. brave candidates, brave voters, great determinations from everybody. it might have fraud in it, it might have problems, but at least there is a parliament, better than the time of taliban that gun was the unltimate source of justice, law and order.
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#3 User is offline   Sultan Faghal Gabari Icon

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Posted 21 September 2010 - 06:49 AM

View PostSohrab, on 20 September 2010 - 03:02 PM, said:

an election with alot of problems. brave candidates, brave voters, great determinations from everybody. it might have fraud in it, it might have problems, but at least there is a parliament, better than the time of taliban that gun was the unltimate source of justice, law and order.


true bro! that is why I say an armed struggle against Shoravi was a mistake we all are paying for. Had we trusted the elections then instead of guns, nothing thats happenned would have been there in the first place. One wrong decision or an attempt by few Mullah professors of Kabul university to gain importance screwed up the whole region.
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#4 User is offline   Sohrab Icon

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Posted 21 September 2010 - 06:11 PM

View PostSultan Faghal Gabari, on 21 September 2010 - 07:49 AM, said:

true bro! that is why I say an armed struggle against Shoravi was a mistake we all are paying for. Had we trusted the elections then instead of guns, nothing thats happenned would have been there in the first place. One wrong decision or an attempt by few Mullah professors of Kabul university to gain importance screwed up the whole region.


Absolutely brother, fighting the russians messed everything in the region and completely destroyed afghanistan.
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#5 User is offline   Khurasani Icon

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Posted 24 September 2010 - 07:08 PM

When the results will be announced? is there any definite date for this?
آتش بگير، تا كه بداني چه مي‌كشم
احساسِ سوختن، به تماشا نمي‌شود
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#6 User is offline   Sohrab Icon

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Posted 25 September 2010 - 09:01 AM

View PostKhurasani, on 24 September 2010 - 08:08 PM, said:

When the results will be announced? is there any definite date for this?


not sure, but it will take long time.
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#7 User is offline   Parsistani Icon

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Posted 11 November 2010 - 10:24 PM

Every data is a fake created by Khar-Zai Pashtunyar and his gang!!!
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